Start Saving to Stop Spending Money on Alternative Financial Services (AFS) - Part 2

By Megan Brewster, Coordinator to the Associate Director, and Meredith Covington, Project Director, Center for Social Development, Washington University in St. Louis.

In yesterday’s post, we examined data that show most low- to moderate-income (LMI) households who use alternative financial services are significantly worse off financially than counterparts who do not use such services. Alternative financial services include check cashing, payday loans, etc.

So what do these statistics actually mean for the household budgets of American families?

About $1,100 in fees and interest annually: That’s the average amount paid each year by unbanked LMI American households for alternative financial services. Roughly 5% of a LMI household’s annual income is spent cashing checks, managing payday loan obligations, and accessing other financial offerings from providers who are not federally insured. In purchasing power, that sum amounts to eight weeks’ worth of groceries for a family of four or rent for almost a month and a half. It’s not a small chunk of cash.

While even providers of alternative financial services themselves note their services are not a smart long-term financial solution, far too many families find themselves turning to these services again and again.

What can be done instead?

Saving – specifically, saving a tax refund—is one strategy that can help. Savings enable people to prepare financially for inevitable financial shocks like job loss and car problems and avoid turning to alternative financial services. Additionally, unlike alternative financial services providers, savings accounts with insured institutions are backed by the U.S. government, offering protection for hard-earned cash. Additionally, a savings account is also a gateway to other beneficial financial services, such as check cashing without fees.

Tax time is a golden moment for saving, as the tax refund may be the largest lump sum most LMI households receive all year. The survey data indicate that the average federal refund received by LMI users of alternative financial services was over $2,500 in 2013. Additionally, the data show that having more in savings is associated with less use of alternative financial services.

As the evidence suggests, use of alternative financial services is linked with poorer financial outcomes--but saving can limit the need for such services. Below we suggest individual strategies for prioritizing saving—one dollar at a time.

  • Save your tax refund: This season, prepare for the next financial emergency by directly depositing some or all of your refund into a savings account. If you don't have savings and something happens, you may need to take out an emergency loan; you’ll pay interest on that loan and may have to pay extra fees. To avoid those expenses and build a small cushion, consider saving some or all of your refund.
  • Make savings automatic: Research shows that saving automatically—such as by direct depositing some of your paycheck—can help to build savings quickly and without much effort. Consider establishing automatic savings.
  • Learn the strategies others use: Saving money can seem impossible, but others have found they can save if they make a plan. Read their stories and learn what could work.

Take the Pledge

Savers who make a plan are twice as likely to save successfully. 

Take the America Saves Pledge

Tip of the Day

  • Written by Administrator2 | January 11, 2014

    Save your loose change. Putting aside fifty cents a day over the course of a year will allow you to save nearly 40% of a $500 emergency fund. http://ow.ly/sj972 

Saver Tips and Stories View all »

Starting Over

Written by Katie Bryan | October 28, 2013

Until last summer, Michael Lindman spent money freely. “I was a union truck driver for 35 years and had a good income,” said Lindman. “I owned my own home, saved a little, and tried to live within my own budget. You always think there’s going to be that much coming in, but things can change in a split second.”

Read more...

Story of an Urban Professional

Written by Lindsay Ferguson | June 26, 2019

Elaine was inspired to create a new savings goal and plan with the America Saves Pledge after reading the “The Color of Money” column in The Washington Post by Michelle Singletary.

Read more...

#ImSavingFor Winner Story

Written by Lindsay Ferguson | June 13, 2019

America Saves awarded one lucky saver, Pedram R. from California, $750 for sharing his #ImSavingFor story. Pedram said, “Saving is important to me because it proves I am not willing to buy unnecessary things to please others or to be perceived as successful.”

Read more...

Receive Updates

Take the Pledge

Written by Super User | September 16, 2013

Start Saving

Receive Texts

Written by Tammy G. Bruzon | July 15, 2014

Learn More

Partner News & Updates

Written by Katie Bryan | October 18, 2013

Sign Up