American's Personal Savings Indicators Tumbled in Past Year, Especially for Lower-Income Americans

WASHINGTON - According to the latest America Saves Personal Savings Index, the perceived interest, effort, and effectiveness of Americans to save money declined in the last year, and savings effort and effectiveness are at a three-year low. Declines for low- and moderate-income Americans have been especially steep.

As the table below shows, in the past year the three key savings indicators have declined – savings interest from 75 percent to 65 percent, savings effort from 65 percent to 55 percent, and savings effectiveness from 62 percent to 53 percent. Moreover, savings interest, effort, and effectiveness are now considerably lower than they were in the three previous Septembers – 2013, 2014, and 2015.

 

 

Interest

Effort

Effectiveness

Sept. 2016

65%

55%

53%

May 2016

65%

57%

56%

Jan. 2016

67%

57%

56%

Sept. 2015

75%

65%

62%

May 2015

63%

58%

55%

Jan. 2015

70%

61%

59%

Sept. 2014

71%

62%

60%

May 2014

71%

63%

58%

Jan. 2014

65%

58%

56%

Sept. 2013

71%

62%

58%

 

However, as the table below indicates, to a large extent these declines reflect large losses experienced by low- and moderate-income Americans. For those with incomes under $25,000, in the past year declines in the three indicators were either 15 or 16 percentage points. For those with incomes $25,000-$50,000, these declines were either 13 or 15 percentage points. Yet, for those with incomes $100,000 or more, declines were much more modest or nonexistent – five percentage points for interest, four percentage points for effort, and nothing for effectiveness. In both September 2015 and September 2016, for the high-income group, savings effectiveness remained at 71 percent. Moreover, for those with incomes between $75,000 and $100,000, during the past year savings effectiveness increased from 62 percent to 64 percent.

 

Household Income

Interest

Effort

Effectiveness

 

Sept. 2016

Sept. 2015

Sept. 2016

Sept. 2015

Sept. 2016

Sept. 2015

Under $25K

53%

68%

43%

58%

39%

55%

$25K-$50K

64%

77%

52%

65%

48%

63%

$50K-$75K

68%

72%

59%

67%

57%

58%

$75K-$100K

72%

78%

64%

69%

64%

62%

$100K or More

79%

84%

72%

76%

71%

71%

 

“The economic inequality in our society is reflected in our savings statistics,” noted Stephen Brobeck, Consumer Federation of America’s Executive Director and a founder of America Saves. “The economic recovery, particularly the increase in housing prices and buoyant stock market, have especially benefited middle and upper income groups,” he added.

But the steep decline in the PSI percentages for savings interest, effort, and effectiveness among those with incomes below $50,000 is puzzling. “It is not clear why savings indicators for lower income groups have declined,” noted CFA’s Brobeck. “I hope this decline represents a statistical anomaly rather than any increase in inequality. Future PSI surveys will help clarify this issue.”

All PSI surveys have shown a strong correlation between income and the savings indicators reflecting the fact, mainly, that the higher one’s income, the easier it is to save.

The Personal Savings Index is based on surveys undertaken for America Saves by ORC International, which surveyed a representational sample of over 1,000 adult Americans by cell phone and landline. Respondents were asked to respond to the three questions about interest, effort, and effectiveness on a 10-point scale ranging from “no interest” to “great interest,” and these responses were converted into percentages. The latest interviews were conducted September 8-11, 2016. The survey’s margin of error is plus or minus three percentage points.

America Saves, a campaign managed by the nonprofit Consumer Federation of America, seeks to motivate, encourage, and support low- to moderate-income households to save money, reduce debt, and build wealth. The research-based campaign uses the principles of behavioral economics and social marketing to change behavior. Nonprofit, government, and corporate groups participate in America Saves nationally and through local, regional, and statewide campaigns around the country. America Saves encourages individuals and families to take the America Saves pledge and organizations to promote savings year-round and during America Saves Week. Learn more at americasaves.org and americasavesweek.org.

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